Bigger and beefier than Fillet, Ribeye and Sirloin, Rump is a traditional British steak. It has a more defined texture than sirloin, and is slightly less tender, so best cooked medium or medium-rare, rather than rare. Even better, cook a good thick steak and share with a friend.
Rump steak is quite different to Fillet, Ribeye and Sirloin. It comes from further back on the animal (you can think of the pelvis dividing the rump from the sirloin in front) and is from a different muscle group.
A traditional rump steak is usually a slice through three individual muscles. However, those individual muscles can be separated into different cuts. At the top is the Rump Cap (the biceps femoris muscle). In Brazil this is called Picanha (pronounced, pee-KAHN-ya) and is the most highly prized cut of all, more expensive than Fillet.
Below the Rump Cap are, first, the Rump Heart (gluteus medius) or Centre Cut, which can be cut into Pavé steaks (from the French for “Cobblestone”, which is what these chunky steaks should look like); and, secondly, the smaller, but more tender, Rump Bistro steak.
There is also a fourth Rump steak, the Tri-Tip, or Rump Tail (tensor fasciae latae). It is called a Tri-Tip because it has… er… three tips. Although part of the Rump, it comes from lower on the animal.
Why divide a traditional Rump Steak up in this way? One reason is that for a steak to be as tender as it can be, it should be cut against the grain of the muscle. If you have one steak with three different muscles, they will be orientated in different ways, and you will end up cutting at least one of them with the grain, making it more chewy than it could be. Dividing the Rump into different steaks also means that the butcher can remove the silver tissue that connects the muscles.
If you are interested in any of these cuts, please let us know.
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Silverside is very similar to Topside, but has a little gristle running through it. Don’t let this put you off: the meat is still just as lean and full of flavour, you just need to cook it differently. Silverside is best braised; that is, cooked slowly in a pot with liquid. Any gristle will then just melt away.
Silverside is the adjacent muscle to the Topside (which is the Adductor muscle) and is separated from it by a silver wall of connective tissue, which is how it gets its name. The primary muscle is the biceps femoris, which ends up as the cap of the rump, the Picanha.
Silverside and Topside are leg muscles. The American names “Outside Round” and “Inside Round” are probably better descriptions: Silverside is from the outer thigh of the animal, Topside from the inner thigh.
Traditionally Silverside has been used to make Salt Beef, an art we think should be revived.
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Ribeye is many peoples’ favourite cut; it is both tender and full of flavour. Rib eye has excellent marbling, which adds to the flavour and helps keep the meat moist during cooking, making it a superb quality roasting joint.
There are many ways to enjoy Ribeye. It can be boned and rolled as joint, or roast on the bone; you can French trim the rib bones for a Cote De Boeuf; you can remove the eye of the rib for rib eye steaks, or leave a long length of rib and you’ve got a tomahawk steak.
Ribeye is taken from the fore rib primal. The fore rib generally contains four ribs, ribs 7, 8, 9 and 10 counting backwards from the neck. (Cattle have 13 ribs in all.) However a fifth rib is sometimes included (rib 6) to make an even more substantial roast.
There are in fact two main muscles in the fore rib: the rib eye muscle itself (the longissimus dorsi, which just means the longest on the back), which also makes up one of the halves of T-bone and Porterhouse steaks, along with the fillet, and the rib eye cap (the Spinalis Dorsi) which is a thin layer of muscle that surrounds the rib eye itself. The rib eye cap is, again, very tender and adds another layer of flavour to the roast. You really cannot go wrong with ribeye.
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